The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) has published a new study on the war between Armenia and Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh. In this context, countries that sell arms to Azerbaijan and Armenia were listed.
Russia was the country that sold the most arms to the parties during the war, which killed about 5,700 people over a six-week period. In the period 2011–20, the volume of Azerbaijan’s arms imports is estimated by SIPRI to be 8.2 times higher than that of Armenia.
SIPRI, which sorts out which countries supplied the weapons used in the Nagorno-Karabakh war, said Russia supplies almost all of Armenia’s major weapons and almost two-thirds of Azerbaijan. In 2011-20, Israel was second to Azerbaijan, Belarus was third and Turkey was the fourth-largest arms supplier.
Turkey accounted for 2.9% of Azerbaijan’s main arms imports in 2011–20. During this period, deliveries from Turkey to Azerbaijan included armoured patrol vehicles, guided missiles, and armed drones. The armed drones, delivered shortly before the 2020 war, drones equipped with MAM-L guided bombs. Turkish-supplied TRG-300 multiple rocket launchers were reported to be located in positions of strategic importance for Azerbaijan’s offensive in Nagorno-Karabakh in 2020.
According to SIPRI, Turkey has strengthened its relationship with Azerbaijan, at the same time expanding its political presence in the South Caucasus and competing with Russia, the dominant power in the region.