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Nigeria vows punishment for accidental attack on civilians
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Nigeria’s army under fire over accidental attack on civilians

Nigeria’s army on Thursday faced growing condemnation and calls for a thorough investigation from civil society groups over a drone strike that killed at least 85 civilians by mistake. The military has said that troops were carrying out aerial patrols on Sunday when they observed a group of people in northwest Kaduna State and “misinterpreted their pattern of activities” to be similar to that of bandit militias. A drone mistakenly struck the village of Tudun Biri as residents celebrated a Muslim festival. Official sources said that at least 85 people were killed and 66 others injured. President Bola Ahmed Tinubu has ordered an inquiry into the incident. Muslim organisation Fityanul Islam of Nigeria said in a statement on Thursday that “all arguments advanced by the army about ‘mistaken identity’ are grossly inadequate, unfair and seemingly insensitive”. “Military authorities must therefore come clean with more transparent information on the incidence,” it urged. Amnesty International gave its own death toll from Sunday’s incident, of more than 120 civilians. It said in a statement that Tinubu’s administration must “promptly” set up an independent inquiry and “where these investigations indicate criminal responsibility, ensure that those suspected to be responsible are brought to justice in fair trials”. The UN human rights office on Wednesday said it deplored the attack, noting it was the latest of at least four air strikes that have resulted in significant civilian deaths since 2017. The UN called on Nigeria to review its rules of engagement and operating procedures to ensure such incidents do not happen again and to compensate the victims and their families. Protesters took to the streets in Zaria near the site of the attack on Wednesday as well as in front of the National Assembly in the capital, Abuja, to demand sanctions against the army. Chief of Defence Staff General Christopher Gwabin Musa said on national television the same day that “mistakes do happen”, before calling for an increase in the army’s budget. Tinubu has made tackling insecurity a priority since coming to office in May, as he seeks to encourage foreign investment in Africa’s most populous country. Nigeria’s armed forces often rely on air strikes in their battle against bandit militias in the northwest and northeast of the country, where jihadists have been fighting for more than a decade.

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